Laravel is a free, open-source PHP web framework intended for the development of web applications following the model–view–controller architectural pattern and based on Symfony
Laravel framework web server requires a minimum PHP version and extensions. It can be installed in shared hosting, VPS hosting, or dedicated servers.
LAMP(Linux Apache MySQL & PHP) or LEMP (Linux Nginx MySQL & PHP) are the most commonly used server stacks for Laravel hostings.
Check Official documentation for more details.